Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection that affects both men and women. While HPV often resolves on its own, some cases can lead to health issues. In this comprehensive guide, you will know about the HPV treatment men, covering diagnosis, management, prevention, and the latest developments in the field.
- Visual inspection: A healthcare provider may identify visible warts on the genital area or perform an examination using magnification tools.
- Biopsy: If warts appear unusual or persist, a small sample may be taken for biopsy to rule out other conditions.
- Testing for high-risk HPV: In some cases, men may undergo testing for high-risk HPV strains, which are associated with an increased risk of certain cancers, including anal and throat cancers.
- Topical medications: Prescription creams or ointments, such as imiquimod or podophyllin, can be applied to genital warts to help reduce their size and severity.
- Cryotherapy: Freezing the warts with liquid nitrogen is another common treatment to remove visible warts.
- Electrocautery: In some cases, warts may be burned off using an electrical current.
- Laser therapy: Laser treatment can be used to target and remove warts.
- Surgical removal: Surgical procedures may be necessary for large or persistent warts.
- Watchful waiting: For low-risk, asymptomatic cases of HPV, healthcare providers may recommend regular monitoring without immediate treatment.
- Vaccination: The HPV vaccine is recommended for all adolescents and young adults, regardless of gender. It can provide protection against several high-risk HPV strains and genital warts.
- Safe sex: Consistent and correct condom use can reduce the risk of HPV transmission, but it doesn’t provide complete protection.
- Limiting sexual partners: Reducing the number of sexual partners can lower the risk of HPV exposure.
- Regular screening: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and other high-risk individuals should consider anal cancer screening, which can detect HPV-related abnormalities early.
HPV and cancer:
It’s essential to recognize that while HPV is usually harmless and resolves on its own, some high-risk strains can lead to cancer in both men and women. Men are at risk of developing HPV-related cancers in the throat, anus, and penis. Regular check-ups and vaccination can help reduce this risk.